A hand plane is a tool for shaping wood using muscle power to force the cutting blade over the wood surface. Some rotary power planers are motorized power tools used for the same types of larger tasks, but are unsuitable for fine scale planing where a miniature hand plane is used. Generally all planes are used to flatten, reduce the thickness of, and impart a smooth surface to a rough piece of lumber or timber. Planing is also used to produce horizontal, vertical, or inclined flat surfaces on workpieces usually too large for shaping, where the integrity of the whole requires the same smooth surface. Special types of planes are designed to cut joints or decorative mouldings. Hand planes are generally the combination of a cutting edge, such as a sharpened metal plate, attached to a firm body, that when moved over a wood surface, take up relatively uniform shavings, by nature of the body riding on the ‘high spots’ in the wood, and also by providing a relatively constant angle to the cutting edge, render the planed surface very smooth. A cutter which extends below the bottom surface, or sole , of the plane slices off shavings of wood.
Stanley Tool Works
Stanley has been creating tools such as the bench plane since , and it can be difficult to date an antique tool if you don’t know where to look, according to the Stanley Company. There are twenty types of Stanley planes dating back to Each type has subtle differences that distinguish it from the other types, such as variations in parts and different marks cast into the metal like the plane size number or patent numbers or dates.
Manufacturing dates overlap so it’s not uncommon to find a type 12 with type Type 2 Planes made by Stanley used to secure the the wooden parts (tote and knob) to the bottom casting, is now a one piece construction (like a long screw).
The Stanley Rule and Level company was formed in the late ‘s and began their business producing a line of folding rules and general hardware in New Britain Conn. Levels came next, and a few years later they got into the woodworking plane making business producing a line of metal bodied planes utilizing Leonard Baileys Patents and designs for metal bodied bench planes and scrapers. That association had a rocky history and that story is detailed in Roger Smiths books on the history and development of Patented Transitional and Metallic Planes in America Vol.
They are worthwhile reads. After Stanley’s initial success with Leonard Bailey’s patents and the acceptance of metal bodied planes by America’s working craftsmen Stanley added new designs and innovative models to their line of metal bodied woodworking planes including many different rabbet planes, dado planes, compass planes and other specialty woodworking planes in addition to their line of standard bench planes. These designs have famous names like the Miller’s Patent or Schrade associated with them as well as other lesser known inventors patents and ideas that Stanley bought and utilized in their designs.
The Stanley Rule and Level Company spent a lot of time and effort developing a market, and filling the need or demand of early craftspeople wanting top quality tools. Stanley woodworking planes were designed for use in a wide range of applications in many different trades besides those typically associated with woodworking or cabinetry. They produced specialty planes aimed at cabinet makers, patternmakers, butchers, electricians, and more to fill these diverse needs.
The full range of Stanley’s plane line will be found on this page. Many of these vintage and antique Stanley planes are suitable for both the advanced or beginning tradesmen and craftsmen for use today. Many will be in fine condition and acceptable for inclusion in collections of antique tools and planes. Antique woodworking planes including some rare and unusual patented planes by other makers can be found my other tool pages right now. Please visit those pages by clicking the links found in the left hand column.
Antique Stanley tools are often sought after for their aesthetic value. Handles were made of beautiful woods such as Brazilian rosewood, chosen for its durability, and the metal surfaces were often highly detailed. This combination means that many of the tools still around today have held up well and can be in demand. The Bob Kaune Antique Used Tools site has many types of Stanley tools, but in particular it carries the coveted Bedrock tools, which are frequently worth twice what other Stanley tools are.
The Best Things has numerous Stanley tools for sale. The description of each tool includes a grade of its condition and any flaws that are apparent.
I just recently came across ‘s Stanley plane dating flowchart and hyperkitten site deals with Us Stanley) and you guys have so many used tools.
Over the last 30 years or so a lot of Bailey bench plane aficionados have studied and observed thousands upon thousands of examples of Bailey and noted their progression of development since You’ll find a lot of different type study authors out there but all are based on several people’s work namely Alvin Sellens, in his book The Stanley Plane , and Roger K.
The result of that hard work is listed below. As is further pointed out by Leach and others, type studies are merely a reference, not absolute nor exact. Manufacturing dates overlap so it’s not uncommon to find a type 12 with type 11 components or a type 5 with a few type 4 or 6 parts. Of course if you are a perfectionist you’ll want the exact month and day.
Good luck on that and it’s best if you write your own type study. Use this one for what it’s worth.
T5 Technical Jack Plane. Welcome to Record Planes dotcom — The definitive resource for Record planes online. Virtually anything you ever wanted to know about Record planes and spoke shaves can be found here on this site, so please take some time out and enjoy searching through our articles for the stuff you want or need. A list of production dates for each Record plane and spoke shave introduced into the product line.
Every serious collector of old tools wants one of these little monkeys, which makes the cost of Some of the planes date prior to Stanley’s production of them.
Your question may be answered by sellers, manufacturers, or customers who purchased this item, who are all part of the Amazon community. Please make sure that you are posting in the form of a question. Please enter a question. Small, lightweight plane comes in handy for modeling, sculpture and other light work. Nickel-plated, black-finish bottom assures durability. Skip to main content. You can return the item for any reason in new and unused condition: no shipping charges Learn more about free returns.
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How to Identify Stanley Hand Plane Age and Type (Type Study Tool)
There were some subtle differences in the dimensions, but only those that are significant are type where appropriate. So, if you wood a plane that’s one-half inch shorter or longer than what’s stanley here, don’t go thinking that you have some ultra-rare version of the tool. You don’t except stanley the case dating the 2. If the plane is inches shorter than what’s listed hand, you have one that’s suffered dating amputation along the way.
One other thing – you’ll note that I sometimes refer to the cutter as the planes and vice versa. I’ve always used the term ‘iron’ to represent the chunk of metal you sharpen wood make the plane a plane.
Stanley Tools – A Brief History Of The Woodworker’s Plane A beautifully decorated The earliest known planes date from 79 A.D. and were found at Pompeii.
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Quickly Identify Your Hand Plane
Let the games begin, starting with the bread and butter of Stanley, upon which they built an empire, the Bailey patent bench plane in its various configurations. Leonard Bailey designed what has become the standard plane configuration that’s still in use to this day. He was the undisputed champion of the plane slugfest that errupted in the decades after the Civil War. If you’re at all fascinated with handplane design, follow this link to read all about the Better Moustraps.
A general description of stuff to look for when examining a bench plane is listed under the 3 smoother. This stuff is applicable to all Stanley bench planes of the basic Bailey design as well as those that incorporate the Bailey patents such as the Bed Rocks , and comes from my observances of thousands of these planes.
Mar 6, – Stanley has been creating tools such as the bench plane since , and it can be difficult to date an antique tool if you don’t know where to look.
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